Unbeknownst to many parents and divorcés in New Jersey, the state implemented a new set of child support laws one year ago on February 1, 2017. The new legislation – which affects all child support Orders created and maintained within New Jersey – makes numerous changes and steps that might already be affecting you and your family.
Age Changes to NJ Child Support Law
New Jersey child support law now considers the child support emancipation to be 19-years old, up from 18. The law also sets a limit to the age of 23, except for special cases. Child support can extend beyond 19 when the child has not yet completed high school, is enrolled in college or another higher education institution full-time (no time to become financially independent), or has a recognized and diagnosed with a permanent disability. New Jersey family law judges still have the ability to assign child support beyond age 23 based on their discretion. Both spouses can also create and sign a child support agreement with its own stipulations and obligation cut-off.
How will this new law be implemented? If you have a child age of 22-years-and-9-months or older and are collecting child support, you should have already received a legal notice from the state. This Notice of Child Support Obligation Termination states that your child support payments are scheduled to end on the child’s 23rd birthday. If you have a child older than 18-years-and-6-months but younger than 22-years-and-6-months, you should have gotten a notification with a termination date for your child support. A notification of this sort should also contain basic information about requesting modifications or extensions to your child support order. However, if your divorce agreement or child support order already names a date other than your child’s 19th birthday as the termination date of payments, it might not be altered but also cannot be extended.
Lastly, if your child will turn 19 after August 1st, 2017, you should be scheduled to receive a notice of child support termination no later than six months or 180 days before that child’s 19th birthday.
Failing to Send a Response
Each notification of child support termination requires acknowledgement by the receiver, as well as a copy of it sent back to the relevant court. When a court does not receive acknowledgement, a second identical notification will be mailed to you again on or around 90-days or three months before your child’s 19th birthday. Without any further input from a New Jersey family law judge or you, the child support order will terminate on that child’s 19th birthday and confirmation of the termination will be mailed to both parents/spouses.
Owed Support & Opposition
When child support orders are terminated under the new law, it does not eliminate any arrears or past owed child support. The noncustodial parent that was paying the child support will need to pay off back child support as usual or could be subjected to enforcement and penalties.
To challenge or otherwise oppose the extension of child support, despite the new 19-year cut-off, the payor parent has to file a motion with the local family law court. Other challenges or requests regarding younger children on a child support order with a 19-year old child can be petitioned in the same manner.
I Received a Notice of Termination – What Now?
If you have received a notice of proposed termination of child support as a parent in New Jersey, you are probably wondering what you should be doing next, especially if the new cut-off date is troubling. You will have the right to file a motion for a continuation to the New Jersey Superior Court in the county that sent the notice.
In addition to providing a proposed alternative end date, you must provide:
- Documentation that shows your child is still in high school beyond age 19.
- Evidence your child is considered a full-time student at a college, university, or institution for at least one current five-month semester.
- Medical records that establish your child has been diagnosed with a mental disability or physical impairment, and that such conditions existed before your child turned 19 years old.
Custodial parents receiving child support also maintain the ability to request an extension based on conditions unique to an individual case. In other words, a parent can file a motion for any reason to the court for an extension, but the final decision still remains up to the family law judge’s discretion. A motion will not likely be successful unless its reasoning is backed by evidence and represents a significant life change or hardship, such as unexpected job loss or personal, chronic illness. If and when a court does approve of an extension based on special circumstances, it must still provide a proposed end-date; indefinite child support payment plans are not permitted under the newly-revised New Jersey child support laws.
What Does the 23-Year Age Limit Mean?
New Jersey family law courts have been instructed through the new legislation to consider 23 years of age as the top limit of child support obligations. Only in absolutely necessary and unusual circumstances can a judge order child support to go beyond the child’s 23rd birthday. The state’s probation department will also not take any steps to help a parent or child collect or enforce a child support order after the child’s 23rd birthday, even if a judge has ordered child support to be paid beyond that date. After a child turns 23, however, he or she can use other legal avenues to seek financial support from either parent.
For more information on this topic, please contact Megan Smith at firstname.lastname@example.org.
ABOUT MEGAN SMITH
Megan E. Smith devotes her practice to matrimonial, divorce, and family law, and is a trained collaborative lawyer and divorce mediator. She works with clients in all areas of matrimonial and family law, including the developing area of LGBT law as it relates to children and families. Her practice is concentrated in divorce, dissolution of civil unions, termination of domestic partnerships, custody, parenting time, child support, alimony, equitable distribution and pre-nuptial planning as well as related post-judgment issues, such as emancipation, support enforcement, and implementation of settlement agreements.
In 2008-2015, Ms. Smith has been a co-chair and speaker at the New Jersey Association for Justice annual convention in Atlantic City. Ms. Smith was recognized by Super Lawyers as a Rising Star in 2016 and a Super Lawyer 2017-2018. She was also recognized as an Awesome Attorney in 2015, 2016 and 2017 by South Jersey Magazine.