Legal Blog

What You Should Know About the New Pregnant Workers Fairness Act

Pregnant business woman sitting at the desk and working on the laptop. Top view.There’s another new federal law providing additional protections to pregnant employees. The Pregnant Workers Fairness Act (PWFA)  requires employers with 15 or more employees to provide “reasonable accommodations” to a worker’s known limitations related to pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions, unless the accommodation will cause the employer an “undue hardship.” It becomes effective on June 27, 2023.  Beginning on that date, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) will accept charges based upon violations of this law.

To date, the EEOC has issued no proposed regulations, although it will do so. It offers some guidance here. Your state may already have a similar law, but even if it does, the EEOC guidance may be helpful. The PWFA adopts the familiar ADA interactive process in order to determine if the limitations may be accommodated without undue hardship. The EEOC defines “undue hardship” as “significant difficulty or expense for the employer.” The House Committee on Education and Labor Report on the PWFA provided some examples of accommodations, including the ability to sit or drink water; receive closer parking; have flexible hours; receive appropriately sized uniforms and safety apparel; receive additional break time to use the bathroom, eat, and rest; take leave or time off to recover from childbirth; and be excused from strenuous activities and/or activities that involve exposure to compounds not safe for pregnancy.

It’s sometimes difficult to determine whether a request for accommodations is reasonable or an undue hardship. Don’t assume that the request is a hardship. Remember that a leave of absence may be a reasonable accommodation; consult your employment attorney, who can provide the latest court guidance on the issue.


For over 25 years, Katherine has provided her clients with robust representation in matters of employment and related business law. Katherine represents and counsels employers and executives in all facets of the employment relationship, including hiring, termination, discrimination, non-competition, Fair Labor Standards Act matters, issues regarding Family and Medical Leave and other leaves, whistleblowers’ complaints, and regulatory matters.  As a litigator, she is well aware of the nuances of law necessary to draft effective restrictive covenants, severance agreements, and employment contracts.  Along with her over 250 colleagues, she represents companies and non-profit organizations of all sizes. She has defended companies under investigation by both U.S. and state Departments of Labor and handled multiple matters before the EEOC.