Legal Blog

New Federal Workforce Mobility Act Would Further Limit Non-Compete Agreements

Non compete agreement NCA on a desk with a pen, notebooks and glassesLast week, politicians reintroduced the federal Workforce Mobility Act, a bipartisan bill intended to limit the use of non-compete agreements with U.S. employees. As the bill states, “economists now estimate that 1 in 5 workers is covered by a non-compete agreement.” It further finds that non-compete agreements are “blunt instruments that crudely protect employer interests and place a drag on national productivity by forcing covered workers to wither idle for long periods of time or leave the industries in which the workers have honed their skills altogether… [they] also reduce wages, restrict worker mobility, impinge on the freedom of a worker to maximize labor market potential, and slow the pace of innovation in the United States.” The Workforce Mobility Act would:

  • Limit the use of non-competes to business sales and dissolution of partnerships;
  • Require most employers to post a notice of the law for employees;
  • Allow the Federal Trade Commission to bring an action to enforce the act according to the Federal Trade Commission Act;
  • Direct the Department of Labor to investigate violations – confidentially – and allow it and state attorneys general to bring legal action against the employer who uses a non-compete; and
  • Provide that employees may sue their employers or former employers to enforce the act, recovering both actual damages and attorney’s fees and costs.

If this act passes, it will expose employers to a minefield of liabilities and enforcement actions. At this point, given both the proposed FTC rule banning non-competes, discussed in my previous blog, companies need to meet with their attorneys regarding protecting information, assets, and business by means of other agreements. Prediction from this litigator/ agreement drafter: if this bill passes, a great deal of litigation is coming. This bill doesn’t allow employees to agree to arbitrate any of these disputes. Employees will have little disincentive to file because they will recover their attorney’s fees and costs if they win the lawsuit.

Looking forward, it will be more important than ever to craft an up-to-date agreement with employees to protect a business and its trade secrets.


For over 25 years, Katherine has provided her clients with robust representation in matters of employment and related business law. Katherine represents and counsels employers and executives in all facets of the employment relationship, including hiring, termination, discrimination, non-competition, Fair Labor Standards Act matters, issues regarding Family and Medical Leave and other leaves, whistleblowers’ complaints, and regulatory matters.  As a litigator, she is well aware of the nuances of law necessary to draft effective restrictive covenants, severance agreements, and employment contracts.  Along with her over 250 colleagues, she represents companies and non-profit organizations of all sizes. She has defended companies under investigation by both U.S. and state Departments of Labor and handled multiple matters before the EEOC.