Five Phases of a Deal from a Sell-Side Perspective: Letter of Intent
Congratulations, you’ve received a letter of intent (LOI) to sell your business. What is your next step? Do you sign it because the valuation seems fair and the letter states the terms are not binding? Or do you ask your advisors, especially your legal counsel, to fully review? If you picked option two, you are a very smart seller. The letter of intent is frequently the “highwater mark” for seller deal terms. If the seller does not negotiate material commercial points and legal points, the ability to do so later in the transaction becomes compromised. Yes, the LOI is typically non-binding on the parties. However, it is an expression of goodwill and credibility. As the transaction process gets deeper, it is hard to negotiate material changes to the terms unless the seller is committed to walking away. If closing (and money) is within reach many sellers will roll over on key items due to deal fatigue, lack of understanding or buyer pressure. For a seller, leverage is paramount to negotiate the best transaction terms possible. The seller has the most leverage at the LOI stage. In addition, it is always better for a seller to know that a deal will fail on day 1 than day 45 when much time, energy and costs have been incurred. Make certain to have your attorney review all letters of intent before signature!
ABOUT MIKE MERCURIO
Mike Mercurio | firstname.lastname@example.org | 301.575.0332
Michael N. Mercurio is a leading attorney in the field of mergers and acquisitions (M&A). He serves as outside general counsel in buy-side and sell-side M&A, as well as in all business law and real estate law matters. As a strategic partner to firm clients, Mr. Mercurio regularly counsels entrepreneurial individuals and assorted entities on the many challenges, issues, and opportunities companies face throughout the business lifecycle—from start-up to eventual exit.
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